WASHINGTON -- An anti-illegal immigration group has launched a push for U.S. census data to be used to enforce immigration law.
The North Carolina-based group Americans for Legal Immigration Political Action Committee called Monday for its supporters to flood congressional offices nationwide with calls to introduce legislation that would allow 2010 census data to be used to identify and deport illegal immigrants.
Immigration advocates and experts said the proposal would be unworkable and would run counter to the purpose of the census.
ALIPAC President William Gheen called his proposal a response to widespread efforts by the census to reach out to immigrant populations through measures such as Spanish-language ads.
"We can't allow illegal aliens to steal taxpayer allocations and taxpayer representation by being counted on the census," he said.
Rep. Roscoe Bartlett, a Republican who represents Frederick County, was among the congressional incumbents endorsed by ALIPAC in 2010. Bartlett's spokeswoman, Lisa Wright, said to her knowledge no one had contacted the congressman's office about the group's proposal.
Census population figures are used, in part, to determine federal funding and congressional representation for each state.
Lisa Navarrete, vice president of the National Council of La Raza, a Hispanic advocacy organization, called ALIPAC an extremist group and equated taking their immigration policy proposals seriously with taking advice on affirmative action from a white supremacist group.
Gheen "is trying to solve a problem that doesn't exist," she said. "On the contrary, what the problem has been for years with the census is a significant undercount of Latinos."
Census Bureau spokeswoman Samantha O'Neil had no specific comment on the ALIPAC proposal but said that the bureau is tasked with counting every resident, regardless of citizenship status. Federal law prohibits the Census Bureau from sharing personal information collected in the census with any other agency.
"We take our orders from the Constitution, and we've been doing it the same way since 1790," O'Neil said.
The 2010 census did not include any questions about immigration status. ALIPAC is proposing that identifying information provided on census forms should be run against federal databases to flag potential illegal immigrants.
Audrey Singer, a senior fellow in the metropolitan policy program of the Brookings Institution, said it would be impossible to verify immigration status based on the information provided on the 2010 census.
"There's no magical database out there that could accurately and reliably inform us about a person's legal standing in the country," she said. " ... On the accuracy of doing that, it would be a surefire failure, not to mention all of the legal and ethical consequences."