Even if the city of Frederick were to develop a full-time crisis unit to help police interact with people undergoing mental health or other crises, the city's acting police chief believes officers should still be trained to handle those situations as well.

A city crisis unit with social workers and others that is available 24 hours a day to help police respond to calls would be a valuable asset to the department, acting chief Pat Grossman told the mayor and aldermen at a workshop Wednesday.

But officers would still need to be trained.

“We're still going to do anything humanly possible to help somebody in crisis,” Grossman said.

Grossman spoke during a workshop to discuss the police department's policies and training on the use of force.

It comes amid national calls to limit funding to police departments and shift some of their services, such as dealing with people experiencing homelessness or drug addiction, to other social service agencies.

The Frederick Police Department's statistics on the use of force have gradually increased in recent years, and Black people have been the subject of nearly half of the incidents, according to the department's annual reports.

Total use of force incidents reported by city police more than doubled from 58 incidents in 2016 to 144 reported the next year, according to an examination of the department’s data.

Since then, use of force incidents have increased every year, capping off at 174 last year, the data shows.

The reports also indicate that Black people make up a much higher number of individuals subjected to force compared to their representation in population estimates. While Black people only made up about 18 percent of the city’s population in 2019 census estimates, they accounted for about 45 percent of the use of force cases in the police department’s records for 2019.

Grossman outlined the laws and legal decisions that govern when and how officers can use force, as well as his department's policies on the issue and how officers are trained about the policies.

The policing profession has changed a lot in the past few years, especially in how officers are trained to interact with people experiencing homelessness, mental health issues, or addiction as the only 24-hour department in many municipalities, Grossman said.

Communities have asked officers to do more than they're trained to do, and elected officials share part of the blame, Alderman Derek Shackelford said.

“We allowed this to get here to where it is,” he said.

People are anxious to move fast to make changes on social issues, but the city has to avoid doing something in order to say it did something, he said.

Wednesday's conversation dealt with specifics of the department's policy, but also with larger topics that are going on nationally, such as implicit bias and systemic racism, said Alderman Ben MacShane.

A systemic problem doesn't require an officer to be an overt racist, MacShane said, alluding to the disproportionality of the department's use of force statistics.

In many such situations, the statistics are just a manifestation of a problem in the larger society, he said.

The city plans to have further discussions on the issue.

Follow Ryan Marshall on Twitter: @RMarshallFNP

Ryan Marshall is the transportation and growth and development reporter for the News-Post. He can be reached at rmarshall@newspost.com.

(6) comments


Definition of police (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the department of government concerned primarily with maintenance of public order, safety, and health and enforcement of laws and possessing executive, judicial, and legislative powers



"In many such situations, the statistics are just a manifestation of a problem in the larger society, he said."

That is something that needs to be addressed. Simply acknowledging that the black community has more challenges than society at large does not make one a racist.

Where racism comes into play is when discussing WHY the disparities exist. A racist would say that blacks are inferior to whites -- naturally more violent; prone to criminal behavior, etc. People like that should be shunned and ignored. Nornal, rational people will realize that 400 years of slavery; Jim Crow; segregation; lynchings; housing and employment discrimination, etc, is a major factor.

Due in part to past treatment, blacks find themselves in situations where they are more likely to have 'contact' with LEOs.

That doesn't mean all black people get a pass, but we need to recognize that if the tables were turned, whites would have the same problems.


I wonder if there are any statues in honoring Confederate firefighters during the Civil War?


FCPD is doing outstanding work, keep it up!


Completely agree. The way they handled the protests is a recent showing in a big way that FPD does not and will not participate in the activities of the few in their profession across the nation. They worked to protect the rights of the protesters night after night.



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