ANNAPOLIS — Almost six years ago, Frederick resident Donna Johnson sent her son, then 20 or 21 years old, to Florida because of opioid abuse.

She wanted him to receive treatment for a problem facing many Marylanders and people across the nation, but instead saw him shuffled between treatment centers, all of which has failed to help him recover.

Johnson told the House of Delegates’ Health and Government Operations Committee about this process Wednesday afternoon, commonly referred to as patient brokering.

“Patient brokering, to me, is human trafficking,” she said. “It is the buying and selling of a vulnerable population of people who are seeking treatment for substance abuse disorder.”

Del. Jesse Pippy (R-Frederick and Carroll), chair of the Frederick County delegation, is lead sponsor of House Bill 1071, which aims to offer protections for that population along with fining facilities that participate in so-called patient brokering. Other local sponsors include Del. Karen Lewis Young (D-Frederick) and Del. Dan Cox (R-Frederick and Carroll).

Pippy said a lot of treatment centers mean well, and his proposal is meant to prevent “a small percentage of unscrupulous practices.”

The second-year delegate described those treatment centers as having little to no expertise in care. Then they pay a “broker” to market and recruit people who need treatment.

Because insurance companies pay for treatment, they will continue to market to those who need it, while shuffling patient from facility to facility, he said.

“This is just a housekeeping bill to address a growing industry,” Pippy said.

As the opioid epidemic has spread nationwide, patient brokering has been noticed by lawmakers, and some action has been taken. U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) introduced a bill in 2018, attempting to address some of the problems, but it never reached a vote.

And Florida’s Legislature passed laws prohibiting the practice from occurring, in some cases making the act a felony.

Johnson stressed the importance of the legislation after she spoke at Wednesday’s hearing.

“I realized that there is no incentive for recovery when you’re dealing with patient brokers,” she said. “That they actually set [patients] up for relapse, and it was a nightmare. It has been a nightmare, and it continues to be a nightmare for many other Maryland families.”

In drafting the bill, Lewis Young and Pippy said they borrowed best practices from Florida and other states that have started to combat the issue. Lewis Young said given how late it is in the session, and how much work is needed to prevent “cumbersome and duplicative” language, Pippy’s proposal might not pass this session.

Pippy did say this is the first bill in Maryland aiming to attack the issue. But he added he is working with the state attorney general’s office to address language that might be already addressed under the state’s Consumer Protection Act. That law prohibits unethical practices in marketing, some of which is described in the bill’s first draft.

And the fact it addresses the opioid crisis and has bipartisan support doesn’t hurt its chances this year, Pippy said.

“I think it gives us a fighting chance,” Pippy said. “But ... there’s thousands of bills down here, people’s priorities are spread all over the place. So we have some work, as the primary [sponsors], Delegate Lewis Young and I, to get it through.”

Johnson said it’s important some legislation eventually passes and is signed by Gov. Larry Hogan (R).

“The biggest reason this needs to [pass] is because people are not getting the treatment they deserve, they’re not getting the treatment they’re supposed to be getting,” she said.

Follow Steve Bohnel on Twitter: @Steve_Bohnel.

Steve Bohnel is the county government reporter for the Frederick News-Post. He can be reached at He graduated from Temple University, with a journalism degree in May 2017, and is a die-hard Everton F.C. fan.

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