Do you really know who your ancestors were? If you are a descendant of a Hessian soldier who was housed in the historic stone barracks in Frederick during the Revolutionary War, the local chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution would like to know.
The Sergeant Lawrence Everhart Chapter, Sons of the American Revolution (SAR) is embarking on a quest to locate those early families and create a genealogical listing of the original soldiers who became citizens.
The historic stone barracks on the campus of the Maryland School for the Deaf in Frederick is currently being restored. Within its walls will be a museum dedicated to the many different activities serviced by this historic structure over the past 240 years. It was the first structure built by the State of Maryland in 1777 as a prison for British soldiers and American loyalists (Tories). It was located here in Frederick after collaboration by both Thomas Johnson and John Hanson; important local patriots, who prevailed on site selection in their contacts with the then Maryland General Assembly.
After the Battles of Bennington and Saratoga, captured soldiers were marched to Frederick where they were housed. After Cornwallis's surrender at Yorktown in October 1781, the Ansbach Regiments, who were taken prisoners there, arrived in Fredericktown in January 1782, and were housed in the barracks.
It is estimated that over 850 Hessian, Bayreuth and Ansbach soldiers assimilated after their captivity during the war. The names are known of at least 181 Hessians who were confined in Frederick and eventually settled in the Western Maryland area. Research of military lists, church and courthouse records, gravestones and other sources traced locations, marriages, children and avocations. Numerous family names are still familiar in Frederick County.
Changes in spellings of family names could make it difficult to trace families, especially when the only link is the family of the women who married the soldiers. The German names and possible translations into English are noted below. What readers can do if you recognize your family name is contact the SAR.
The Sons of the American Revolution believes it is important to define the historical legacies of the many German soldiers who were prisoners and housed in the stone barracks in Frederick during those war years. Those German soldiers remaining in the Frederick County area reactivated their non-military skills as farmers, millers, distillers, masons, bricklayers, carpenters, and coopers. They set up shops, advertised for business and took apprentices into the trades. Many of these former soldiers were hired by the farmers in the area. They later married the local women and started families.
Any descendants of these German soldiers who are certain of their ancestry are urged to contact the SAR, and add the names to the genealogical list to be placed in the renovated barracks when the restoration is completed. The list of German soldiers, and how to reach the SAR is listed below:
Henrich Adam; Johann Georg Adam; Justus Arnold; Henrich Aschermann (Ausherman); Hennig Bartels; Jakob Barthold; Johann Bauermeister; Johann Bauerreiss; Lorenz Bauhahn; Heinrich Bauschinger; Christian Becker (Baker); Franz Becker (Baker); Henrich Bender; Christopher Berghman (Barkman); Johannes Bier; Wilhelm Bierschenck; Georg Adam Biller; Johann Bischoff; Conrad Blendinger; Johannes Bode; Henrich Born; Christoph Bornhaus; Jakob Bornhaus; Christoph Brand; Georg Nikolaus Brand; Georg Brede; Henrich Crass; Jakob Dahinten; Henrich Dahlhelm; Christoph Degenhardt (Dagenhart); Georg Dengler; Johannes Doberitsch; Christoph Dönges; Simon Duephorn; Georg Ebbrecht (Abrecht); Georg Ebel; Joh Henrich Adolph Eickhoff (Eickhof); Jeremias Eiffert; Georg Elias; Johannes Ellenberger; Johann Engelbrecht; Georg Engelhard; Henrich Fehling (Failing); Johann Fick; Philipp Fiege (Feaga); Johannes Filing; Johann Georg Fraas; Henrich Froelich (Fraley); Georg Frühberger; Johann Georg Frühe; Hans Henrich Fuelling; Georg Ganso/Janso (Gonso); Johann Georg Christian Gärtner; Leonhard Gehweyer; Justus Gerecht (Gerecht); Johann Gerecke; Georg Geriach; Georg Gier (Gear); Henrich Giese (Geasey); Eckhard Gilss (Gilds); Andreas Göddecke; Johann Goll;
Henrich Hartman; Konrad Heckenmüller; Justus Henrich Heckerod; Christoph Heckmann (Heckman); Georg Heinemann; Henrich Heiner; Andreas Helbig/Hilwig; Johann Henrich Hempe/Hembe (Hempy); Kaspar Henning; Peter Herr; Carl Hesse; Johann Wilhelm Heyder (Heyder); Georg Heyl; Christian Hilke (Hilkey); Christoph Hille; Johann Georg Hoehl; Wilhelm Hoester; Henrich Hoffman/Hoffmann Hoffman); Johann Heinrich Hohberger; Johannes Kalbfleisch; Johann Kaspar Karrich; Jakob Kern; Johann Philipp Kilian (Kilian); Christoph Kirchhoff; Friedrich Kirchner; Franz Kleinert (Kleinert); Christian Knoph; Konrad Knott; Ludwig Kobold; Johann Koerzdörfer; Ernst Kohlschein (Coalshine); Johannes Kolb (Kolb); Samuel Kuncke; Heinrich Lampe; John Langmann; Konrad Lauterbach (Louderbach); Johannes Lentz (Lentz); Daniel Lottig/Lottich; Nikolas Lotz; Michael Lotzgesell; Nikolaus Ludewig; Andreas Heinrich Maagd; Joh. Heinr. Maasberg/Massberg; Jakob Manegold; Michael Marquardt (Marquert); Johannes Mercker; Peter Meyerhofer/Meyerhoeffer/Myerheffer; Johann Jakob Müller; Konrad Noa; Konrad Noll; Johann Karl Nutzel; Heinrich Oppermann; Johann Michael Ostertag; Gottlieb Penzer/Bentzer; Johannes Peter; Georg Karl Poebel; Georg Preuss; Johann Putzel/Butzel; Andreas Reiding; Georg Michael Reiss (Rice); Wilhelm Friedrich von Reitzenstein; Johann Georg Reuter/Reuder (Rider); Henrich Richter (Richter); Adam Riebesam/Ruebesam; Johannes Rose; Peter Rüchert; Johann Simon Ruckert; Johann Friedrich von Salzmann; Adam Schabacker (Shawbaker); Julius Schadt; Friedrich Jakob Schaefer; Konrad Schefer; Peter Schellhase; Matthias Schild (Shilt); Johann Adam Schindler (Schindler); Johannes Schindler; Johannes Schmeiss; Christian Schneider (Schneider); Christian Schnelle (Schnelle); Johann Konrad Schoentag; Johann Adam Schübel (Shivel); David Schultz (Schultz); Christian Schwend (Schwend); Henrich Schwend (Schwend); Kasoar Schwend (Schwend); John Frederick Seiler; Karl Seltzer; Christoph Daniel Selzam; Peter Sentzel/Sensel; Johann Adam Seyfert; Nikolaus Siebert (Siebert); Friedrich Sievers; David Lorenz Spielmann; Johann Adam Strickstroh Stricksyrock); Henrich Stroehlmann (Strailman); Wolfgang Thomel/Tommel; Jakob Vaupel; Johannes Vaupel (Faubel); Kaspar Vaupel (Faubel); Henrich Vith (Feete); Henrich Voegeler (Fogler); Jacob Voelcker (Felker); Henrich Vogeler; Henrich Waldeck; John Waldeck (Waldeck); Georg Weber; Johan Henrich Christoph Wedekind (Wedekind); Ernest Wehe; Johannes Weitzel; Nikolaus Weitzel; Johann Anton Winckler; Christian Wissemueller; Christoph Zancke (Zanke); Hieronymus Zeiss (Zeiss); Ulrich Zeth; Johannes Zeuch; Konrad Zeul; Wilhelm Ziegeler; Matthias Zinner.
Contact the Sergeant Lawrence Everhart Chapter by:
Mail: Sergeant Lawrence Everhart Chapter, Sons of the American Revolution (SAR), 19 East Church Street, Suite 1776, Frederick, MD. 21701
Phone: Tom Sherald, 301-639-1468