For the second time in five weeks, President Donald Trump has invoked executive privilege to block Democrats in the House of Representatives from obtaining important documents and testimony. If he doesn’t back down and agree to give lawmakers the material they’re seeking, the courts may have to rein in executive privilege to prevent him and his successors from evading legitimate oversight.

Presidents as far back as George Washington have withheld material from Congress to protect sensitive national security information or shield internal discussions from the sort of scrutiny that would deter candid, thorough debates. The courts have often upheld those moves under the separation-of-powers doctrine, but not always; for example, the Supreme Court held in United States v. Nixon that a president may not conceal information sought in a criminal proceeding.

The issue here may not rise to the level of the Watergate break-in, but it does involve allegations of impropriety and deceit. The House Oversight Committee issued subpoenas for internal administration documents and testimony related to the Commerce Department’s decision to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census. Commerce insists that it did so at the request of the Justice Department, which supposedly wanted the information to help it enforce the Voting Rights Act. But critics of the move have unearthed evidence that department officials have been lying, and that the push to add the question started with a Republican consultant who said it would help “Republicans and non-Hispanic white voters” by dampening Latino participation in the census and ultimately diluting their communities’ political power. In other words, it’s not about voting rights — it’s about shifting federal funds and congressional seats away from immigrant-heavy areas.

The Oversight Committee is trying to get to the bottom of this, which is just the sort of thing congressional committees ought to do. If the administration is seeking to change the census for reasons other than improving the accuracy of the count, then it’s not fulfilling its constitutional duty to faithfully execute the law. Executive privilege cannot become a shield enabling the administration to deceive the public about major policy changes.

Late Wednesday, the Oversight Committee voted largely along party lines to hold Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and Attorney General William Barr in contempt for not complying with the subpoenas. Ross responded by accusing the committee of “flagrant political posturing,” saying his department had provided about 14,000 pages of documents and made officials available for interviews. The number of pages and witnesses don’t matter, however, if they aren’t the right pages and witnesses. The administration needs to come clean on the census, either voluntarily or with a shove from the courts.

Copyright 2019 Tribune Content Agency.

(4) comments


Withholding information pertaining to national security, yes. Everything else is open to scrutiny.


Ross and Barr are a couple of scoundrels, wish the Committee had kept the criminal contempt of court charges against them.


Ever wonder how the Republican party maintains it's majority - here's a clue. They manipulate districts and constantly find ways to limit voters. The Republican mantra - Every person has the right to vote, unless you lean Independent or Democrat....

Comment deleted.

We conservatives are as outraged now as we were under Obama.

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